Coronavirus is all over the news and for good reason. We’re going to talk about that right after this. Welcome to my blog, my name is Ashok Kr. Sonawat and If you’re new here consider subscribing below so that you get the next article when it’s released.
What is Coronavirus – Coronavirus Explained?
This virus spreads easily and is contagious but is it the big thing we need to worry about? We are talking coronavirus today and I want to give you some up-to-date information to help you prepare and prevent it from happening to you, and caring for maybe those who around you that are affected by it. So the coronavirus is also known as COVID 19, Co stands for corona, vi for the virus, disease and 2019 is a year in which it was discovered. So Covid19. Now COVID 19 is actually just the name of the disease it is, it is caused by the virus SARS-CoV 2 so that’s the name of the virus that causes the disease.
Now corona itself is a group or family of viruses that are commonly found in animals such as camels and bats and I forget the others – there are a few others – and it’s not as often found humans, but it can be transmitted to humans as we have seen in these SARS outbreak and in the MEWS outbreak and now we’re seeing it again in the COVID19 outbreak.
It is a virus so this is really important to know because antibiotics will not help you. So coming into the physician’s office and looking for treatment well there really isn’t any treatment even except for symptoms and we’ll talk about that. Now Corona itself is from a Latin word and it means crown or wreath and you can see how beautiful this coronavirus would be sitting on someone’s head it is absolutely stunning. However, we don’t want it hanging around in our nose or in our lungs so what happens is these viral spikes as they’re called or proteins is what we call in healthcare, they are like keys – they’re like the lock and the key will open them up in order to cause a change inside the cell that they attach to.
Read Also: How To Write A little Better Without Complicating Your Life ?
Now when they attach to places like in your nose it causes a runny nose, stuffy nose, kind of some congestion. We get more concerned though when it attaches to the cells in your lungs because then it starts to interfere with the oxygenation and that is usually what brings people into the hospitals because they’re feeling short of breath and they need support in their respiratory system.
So In hospitals give them things like oxygen. now Corona itself is a large family of viruses – here it is -camels, cattle, cats, and bats. It almost sounds like a rhyme. And these are known as reservoirs and humans are reservoirs as well – what does that mean? Is that these viruses cannot move and transport on their own they actually need a host cell and so the animal will transfer from one animal to another, humans – what we know about this is how it’s transferred is through secretions and we’re going to talk about that as well. But it is these spikes that latch on to those cells in the body and then they create changes inside the cells functioning that results in the symptoms that we are seeing.
Now we know that this started in China, that’s where the epicenter is and that was the center of the outbreak and we think it’s linked to a seafood market and live animal market where the first transmission from animal to human occurred. Later this is now spreading from person to person and at first, it caused a lot of concern as to how it’s being spread which is why we saw a lot of pain, pandemonium about how do I protect myself.
We know better now so we’re gonna give you the – gonna give you the goods. It then spread outside of China and went to Australia and China – sorry – Australia, Canada, the US where we’re starting to see cases of this now. The good thing is most of the cases are mild which means you’re just gonna feel like you have flu, cough cold kind of thing.
There’s a small, small percentage of people that end up coming into the hospital and staying in the hospital for prolonged treatment and what I read from the CDC website today is that in fact, children are not being as affected -as affected as we normally thought and it is more than people who have weakened immune system, are elderly population, who can’t create the antibodies. Because currently what’s happening, when this virus enters our system is we have no defense mechanism against it.
It is an unknown and your antibodies need to develop to protect you and create a defense, and if you have a weakened immune system you’re less likely able to do that.
Coronavirus Precautions Tips
Let’s talk about what you know. First of all, we know that it transmits through respiratory droplets. So when people cough and sneeze those larger droplets are going through the air and so uh we want to stay a distance of about 6 feet away from people so that’s almost 2 meters. If we can. Now, of course, working as healthcare providers, that’s an impossibility so I’ve got some information for you on your protective gear coming up.
Those sneeze particles can travel a meter or so and they hang in the air for about 10 minutes – like their large heavy particles but they could still hang around for a while. Now we do not know, I was unable to determine from the research, how long these particles stay on contact – so if you come into contact with a surface in which those infectious particles have landed on and you touch it, and then you touch your face – like we love to touch our face -we’ve now given that virus from the desk or from the countertop a route of transmission,
we’ve become its legs, and we have brought it to a port of entry which could be your mouth, your nose, your eyes. So we want to be watching out for those contacts with infected surfaces. Now the incubation period is 2 to 14 days. This is why when you see people on that cruise ship that had to stay out there for several weeks at a time or they get flown back in and they go into quarantine for 2 weeks that’s because after 2 weeks if the symptoms have not presented it’s considered to be that they are not infectious.
How to Protect Yourself from Coronavirus (COVID-19)
So anywhere from2 to 14 days you may start to see the symptoms, but that means you’re infectious, you can pass this on even though you don’t have symptoms. This is part of the reason why it makes it difficult to contain because people feel healthy – they don’t know there’s something wrong and they go out there three days later they feel sick and then a week later half your office is sick. Right? Isn’t it how it always goes? For sure.
Okay, signs and symptoms that you want to look for are very similar to the flu. Right.so we feel rundown, we feel like we got the sniffles and we have a cough, a fever maybe and short of breath and a sore throat.in terms of diagnosing it, there is a test called the SARS-COV 2 RT PCR kit and that is a laboratory test that they will run to determine if you have if you are a carrier, or if your infectious with this disease. I don’t know how long it takes to get this test result back so somebody knows that’d be great if you could add that to our conversation in the comments below and just share what you know about this test and how – I mean sometimes tests aren’t conclusive – maybe this is just an aid or maybe it is a diagnostic I’d love to know a little bit more no.
Interims of treatment there is no antiviral. You can’t take antibiotics so we’re really looking at symptom management. If you have a stuffy nose we’re gonna recommend that you take an antihistaminic you have a sore throat we’re gonna say gargle with salt water and take a medication to help the pain there like cough syrup. If you have a fever take some other medicine and drink lots of fluids – so it’s really symptom management at home and in the hospital should you be in the hospital? Now the best way to prevent it – this is important.
This is why there’s a lot of talk about hand hygiene in fact just this morning on the radio there is this debate about how long should I wash my hands for. And I can understand that there is some concern around the length of time people wash their hands – 20 seconds is the minimum. Good soap and water lather, twenty seconds – you know they say just sing the Happy Birthday song but there was lots of fun today on the radio about different songs you can use to get to 20seconds. Of course, if you feel like you’d like to go longer you’re more than welcome to do that. There is no harm ingoing longer, Now if you do have a cough you want to use your cough etiquette and cover up your mouth when you cough. If you use a tissue paper to do that- make sure the tissue goes on the garbage and you’re washing your hands afterward.
The masking of people. So we see a lot of people in the community wearing masks right now and for the most part, they’re necessary. If you have symptoms the reason we mask you is so that you’re not spreading those microorganisms to other people. So that’s one of the reasons why you’ll see people in the hospital, in the waiting room at the triage for emerge wearing a mask – is to protect others around them. As a public person – like in the public you don’t need to have a special mask at this point, just maintain your distance, healthcare providers will be wearing a specially-designed mask that is tested for their face in order to protect inhaling those microorganisms because they do work so closely with patients. Disinfecting your surfaces – absolutely.
You know we said we talked about how contact is one of the ways in which this virus gets legs and moves around so cleaning your surfaces with a disinfectant. Now here are some key things- I know you probably can’t read that so I’m just going to read it to you – don’t touch your eyes, don’t touch your mouth, don’t touch your nose. Primarily putting a mask on your face it’s kind of like a clue to not do any of those things. So if that makes you feel comfortable, go ahead wear the mask I’m not gonna like say otherwise, but really the mask is more just a barrier so that should you touch your face which we all do, it’s gonna prevent to that transmission.
Self-quarantine if you are ill. Don’t go out, don’t go to work, stay home. Take care of your symptoms. If you need something from the store call a friend or a neighbor if you can or uber delivers maybe they can pick that up for you I don’t know I’ve never tried it but Yes stay home if you’re not well. If you actually need to go to the doctors -absolutely go, but maybe call ahead and let them know and they can give you a mask as soon as you arrive. Now health care providers, I know you can’t see this but I’m going to talk to you first about some of the things that you need to be aware of.
First of all, in terms of your precaution, this is both – actually this is three – your standard precautions, your contact precautions, and your airborne precautions. So you’ll be wearing an N95mask – most likely, check with your facility – to make sure that we are not putting ourselves at risk. So you want to be also looking at your donning and doffing routine to make sure you’re following that protocol to minimize the risk of transmission. Hand hygiene, hand hygiene, hand hygiene: before and after patient contact, before and after environmental contact, after being in contact with infectious materials, always wash your hands.
That can be with the sanitizer so one or two pumps they’re a nice good lather – air dry – it’s important not to let that rub off with a towel or soap in water twenty seconds. And, that’s it. So stay up to date with the information so that you can keep yourself in the best position. So until next time, stay safe, wash your hands and make it a great day guys 🙂